Important Year-end Activities – Gst Perspective

Important Year end Activities – Gst Perspective With the increase in departmental audits, growth of the start-up industry and funding, business takeovers, etc., in addition to various aspects, it is extremely important to be tax compliant to avoid any speed breakers on the road to reaching greater heights. We have tried to list down a […]


E-Invoicing What is E-invoicing? E-invoicing is a concept that is similar to an e-way bill where the details of the tax invoice issued in the software have to be filled in FORM INV-01 and an Invoice Reference Number (IRN) along with a QR code has to be generated for each invoice from the e-invoice portal. […]

Conversion Of Proprietorship To Private Limited Company

Conversion Of Proprietorship To Private Limited Company A sole proprietorship is having characteristic of unlimited liability and stakeholders shall have no clarity on succession planning but are privileged with less compliance. The era of obtaining funds from outside by issuing various instruments like Shares and Debentures is provoking sole proprietors to convert their Proprietorship into […]

Conversion Of Loan Into Equity

Conversion of Loan into Equity Any company can convert loans into share capital of company under companies act 2013 (except loan taken and debenture issued to government company) Provisions under Companies Act, 2013 Provisions of Section- 62 doesn’t required to follow in this situation Special Resolution required filing at the time of issue of Debenture […]


MSME CLASSIFICATION INTRODUCTION : Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) sector has emerged as a highly vibrant and dynamic sector of the Indian economy over the last five decades. MSMEs not only play crucial role in providing large employment opportunities at comparatively lower capital cost than large industries but also help in industrialization of rural […]


Sweat Equity Introduction Employees are the backbone of any business as their diligence and hard work play a crucial role in the growth of any business. Many companies appreciate their employees and reward them in different ways. Rewarding employees motivates them to contribute more to the growth of the business. Sweat equity shares is one […]

Convertible Notes – Eligibility, Process and Requirements

Convertible Notes Eligibility Process & Requirements Introduction Startups that need pre-seed or seed funding use convertible notes to raise money before offering equity funding. Since founders can buy their shares when they’re incorporated at a price specified in the articles of incorporation, turning around a few months later and selling shares at a significant markup […]

Concept of One Person Company(OPC) under Companies Act, 2013

Concept of one person Company OPC under Companies Act 2013 One Person Company is newly added in the Companies Act 2013, earlier there was no concept of a one-person Company.  The main aim was to promote the individual having the resources to form a company by reducing the complications and challenges faced while incorporation of […]

Human Resource Policies for a Start-up Company

Human Resource Policies for a Start-up Company Code of Conduct One of the most important HR Policies for a start-up company is the code of conduct or the work culture to be followed by the employees. The policy details the ethical behavior, employee relations, dress code, harassment policy, discrimination policy, customer misbehavior policy, etc. to […]

Procedure for Converting a Loan into Equity

Procedure for converting a Loan into Equity APPLICABLE SECTION : SECTION 62(3) CONVERTING A LOAN INTO EQUITY of a company is a common practice because many companies that have borrowed money from their directors, financial institutions, or any other entity are obligated to repay the debt within the time frame set forth in the loan […]